The Unfolding of the Tulip

From Ethnic to Religious Identification among Volga Tatars

in Anthropological Journal of European Cultures

In Tatarstan in the 1990s and early 2000s, a switch took place from an identity primarily based on ethnicity, to an identity more strongly informed by religious belonging. This happened in official political and scholarly Islamic discourse as well as in everyday Muslim life, and is linked to different variants of Tatar nationalism.