In the policy of exiting violence initiated in Algeria, after the ‘black decade’ of the 1990s, children born and raised in the maquis pose a thorny problem. Rediscovered in town, with their parents, under the Reconciliation Act, the case of these children aged 10 years and older continues to pose serious questions. Despite the remarkable progress made by the policy of reconciliation, the case of these ‘children without legal existence’ or ‘children of unknown identity’ seems to have been at least neglected. The record of these children is a sort of blind spot, and their case poses a number of problems, starting with their identification and the establishment of their filiations. Their difficult reintegration into a society ill prepared to integrate them could constitute a sort of time bomb.