The Yezidis of Armenia, traditionally considered transhumant
pastoralists, have been changing their economic habits over the past century.
Nowadays, they are more engaged in agriculture than they were a century ago. The
social and cultural backgrounds of these transformations are discussed, showing
the involvement of the treatment of the Armenians and the adaptive character of
the Yezidis’ economy. Presently, the Yezidis practise animal breeding and plant
cultivation in parallel, using the human resources available in their family. The
ongoing transformations in the economy and their engagement in agriculture are
challenging the conservative lifestyle of the Yezidi community. Thus, the people
who have shifted to the agrarian economy are seen as outsiders in the traditional
framework and are perceived to be of low prestige.