The article sketches “a personal genealogy” of Wanda Wasilewska (1905–1964): a
writer, a devoted communist, and head of Związek Patriotów Polskich (Union of Polish
Patriots) in the USSR during World War II. Referring to Michel Foucault’s lectures
on “revolution which becomes an existential project,” the author frames Wasilewska
neither as a communist icon nor as a symbol of national betrayal, but instead as a living human being, a social actor, a person strongly embedded in the historical and geopolitical context of her era. The author reconstructs the process of shaping the communist identity in prewar Poland, points to the moments of transgressing subsequent boundaries—gender, national, and class—and uncovers a gradual exploring of the limits of the communist transgression by the protagonist.