Gender Tutelage and Bulgarian Women’s Literature (1878–1944)

in Aspasia
Valentina MitkovaSofia University St. Kliment Ohridski

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This article focuses on Bulgarian women writers’ activities, their reception, and their problematic existence in the context of the modernizing and emancipatory trends in Bulgarian society after the Liberation (1878–1944). The analysis is based on the concept of the (intellectual) hierarchy of genders and mechanisms of gender tutelage, traced in the specifics of women’s literary texts, their critical and public resonance, and the authors’ complicated relation with the Bulgarian literary canon. The question is topical, given the noticeable absence of women writers in the corpus of Bulgarian authors/ literary texts, thought and among those considered representative in terms of national identity and culture. The study is based on primary source materials such as works by Bulgarian women writers, the periodical press from the period, various archival materials, and scholarly publications relevant to the topic.

Contributor Notes

Valentina Mitkova received her PhD in book history from Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski. She is an author of several book and critical reviews for Aspasia, as well as of articles for Bulgarian periodicals focused on Bulgarian women writers and inellectuals. Email:

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The International Yearbook of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern European Women's and Gender History