Legacies of the Second World War in Croatian Cultural Memory

Women as Seen through the Media

in Aspasia
Renata Jambrešić Kirin Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research, Zagreb reana@ief.hr

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Reana Senjković Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research, Zagreb renata@ief.hr.

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This article shows how the model of the ideal patriotic woman, established through propaganda activities between two competitive ideologies in Croatia during the Second World War, have been transformed and adapted to accommodate diverse genres of memory culture from 1945 until the present day. In order to indicate the inter- relation of media-ideological constructs and self-definition, the authors have compared cultural representation models of ‘acceptable’ and ‘obnoxious’ females in war time with ethnographical interviews conducted with women at the celebration of the sixtieth anniversary of the Antifašistički front žena (Women’s Anti-Fascist Front, AFŽ) Istrian Conference in 2004. The contrast between recollections and culturally constructed official memory shows how the memories of women, as autonomous historical subjects, resist the imposed collective amnesia on the anti-fascist movement, although these women also leave many ‘unsuitable truths’ untold about their subordinate role within the anti-fascist movement.

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The International Yearbook of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern European Women's and Gender History


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