The Concept of Sentimental Boyhood

The Emotional Education of Boys in Mexico during the Early Porfiriato, 1876–1884

in Boyhood Studies
View More View Less
  • 1 Max Planck Institute of Human Development cgz2@columbia.edu
Restricted access

Abstract

This article explores the popularization of the concept of sentimental boyhood during the anticolonial insurrections in the Ten Years’ War (1868–1878) and the Caste War (1847–1901) in Cuba and the Yucatán Peninsula in the early 1870s. The concept was popularized as childhood advocates articulated a uniquely Mexican emotional standard in the process of child-rearing, promoting the individual cultivation of honor, the management of anger, and the use of fear as discipline. Beginning in the 1870s, Mexican educators popularized theories of boyhood drawing on European notions of boyhood, including work by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi. While educators promoted Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s “sentimental notions of boyhood” in rural Yucatán, pedagogues in Mexico City advocated the use of fear to instill obedience among boys.

Contributor Notes

Carlos ZÚÑiga Nieto is a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for the History of Emotions at the Max Planck Institute of Human Development in Berlin, Germany. This article draws from author’s PhD dissertation, “Violent Passions: Childhood and Emotions in the Making of Modern Mexico, 1870–1910” (Columbia University, 2016). E-mail: cgz2@columbia.edu

Boyhood Studies

An Interdisciplinary Journal

  • Albarrán, Elena Jackson. 2015. Seen and Heard in Mexico: Children and Revolutionary Cultural Nationalism. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

  • Allen, Ann Taylor. 1986. “Gardens of Children, Gardens of God: Kindergartens and Day-Care Centers in Nineteenth-Century Germany.” Journal of Social History 19 (3): 433450.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Blum, Ann Shelby. 2009. Domestic Economies: Family, Work, and Welfare in Mexico City, 1884–1943. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bojórquez Urzaiz, Carlos Eduardo, and Cecilia García Moguer. 2008. Rodolfo Menéndez de la Peña: Cartas, apuntes y otros escritos de Cuba. Mérida: Universidad Autonoma de Yucatán.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chancel, Mariano. 1868. Guía de profesorado cubano. Matanzas: Imprenta El Ferrocarril.

  • Couturier, Edith. 1985. “Women and the Family in Eighteenth-Century Mexico: Law and Practice.” Journal of Family History 10 (3): 294304.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deane, Bradley. 2011. “Imperial Boyhood: Piracy and the Play Ethic.” Victorian Studies 53 (4): 689714.

  • Eiss, Paul K. 2004. “Deconstructing Indians, Reconstructing Patria: Indigenous Education in Yucatan from the Porfiriato to the Mexican Revolution.” The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 9 (1): 119150.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ellis, Heather. 2008. “Boys, Boyhood and the Construction of Masculinity.” Boyhood Studies 2 (2): 119124.

  • Estrada Zenea, Ildefonso. 1870. El diccionario de los niños. Mérida: Tipografía “El Iris” de Ildefonso Estrada y Zenea.

  • Ferrer, Ada. 1999. Insurgent Cuba: Race, Nation, and Revolution, 1868–1898. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

  • Forment, Carlos. 2003. Democracy in Latin America, 1760–1900: Vol. 1, Civic Selfhood and Public Life in Peru and Mexico. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Galí Boadella, Montserrat. 2008. Historias del bello sexo: La introducción del romanticismo en México. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • González Navarro, Moisés. 1956. Estadísticas sociales del Porfiriato, 1877–1910. Mexico City: Secretaría de Economía Dirección General de Estadística.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Grant, Julia. 2014. The Boy Problem: Educating Boys in Urban America, 1870–1970. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

  • Hale, Charles A. 1965. “Jose Maria Luis Mora and the Structure of Mexican Liberalism.” The Hispanic American Historical Review 45 (2): 196227.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hale, Charles A. 1989. The Transformation of Liberalism in Late 19th Century Mexico. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Press.

  • Janssen, Diederik F. 2015. “After Boyology, Or, Whence and Whither Boyhood Studies?Boyhood Studies 8 (1): 114.

  • Joseph, Gilbert M. 1985. “From Caste War to Class War: The Historiography of Modern Yucatán (c. 1750–1940).” Hispanic American Historical Review 65 (1): 111134.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kidd, Kenneth B. 2004. Making American Boys: Boyology and the Feral Tale. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Kselman, Thomas A. 1993. Death and the Afterlife in Modern France. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

  • Macleod, David. 1983. Building Character in American Boy: The Boy Scouts, YMCA, and Their Forerunners, 1870–1920. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Menéndez, Rodolfo. 1889. Memorias sobre la instrucción pública en el estado de Yucatán. Mérida: Tipografía de G. Canto.

  • Nord, Philip G. 1995. The Republican Moment: Struggles for Democracy in Nineteenth-Century France. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nussbaum, Martha C. 2001. Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  • Nussbaum, Martha C. 2013. Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  • Olsen, Stephanie. 2014. Juvenile Nation: Youth, Emotions and the Making of the Modern British Citizen, 1880–1914. London: Bloomsbury.

  • Parille, Ken. 2009. Boys at Home: Discipline, Masculinity, and “The Boy-Problem” in Nineteenth-Century American Literature. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parker, Adelaide, and E. Allison Peers. 1932. “The Vogue of Victor Hugo in Spain.” The Modern Language Review 27 (1): 3657.

  • Pérez, Louis A., Jr. 1998. The War of 1898: The United States and Cuba in History and Historiography. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Piccato, Pablo. 2010. The Tyranny of Opinion: Honor in the Construction of the Mexican Public Sphere. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rotundo, E. Anthony. 1990. “Boy Culture: Middle-Class Boyhood in Nineteenth Century America.” In Meanings for Manhood: Constructions of Masculinity in Victorian America, ed. Mark C. Carnes and Clyde Griffen, 1536. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rugeley, Terry. 2009. Rebellion Now and Forever: Mayas, Hispanics, and Caste War Violence in Yucatán, 1800–1880. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rugeley, Terry. 2010. Yucatán’s Maya Peasantry and the Origins of the Caste War. Austin: University of Texas Press.

  • Savarino, Franco. 1996. “Religión y Sociedad en Yucatán durante el Porfiriato (1891–1911).” Historia de México 46 (3): 617651.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schell, Patience A. 2004. “Nationalizing Children Through Schools and Hygiene: Porfirian and Revolutionary Mexico City.” The Americas 60 (4): 559587.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seed, Patricia. 1988. To Love, Honor, and Obey in Colonial Mexico: Conflicts over Marriage Choice. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sommer, Doris. 1991. Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • Sosenski, Susana. 2007. “El obrero del porvenir: Una publicación de la Sociedad Artística Industrial, 1870.” Estudios Sociales Nueva Época 1: 71102.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stearns, Peter N. 1993. “Girls, Boys, and Emotions: Redefinitions and Historical Change.” The Journal of American History 80 (1): 3674.

  • Stearns, Peter N. 1994. American Cool: Constructing a Twentieth-Century American Emotional Style. New York: New York University Press.

  • Stearns, Peter, and Timothy Haggerty. 1991. “The Role of Fear: Transitions in American Emotional Standards for Children, 1850–1950.” The American Historical Review 96 (1): 6394.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Surkis, Judith. 2006. Sexing the Citizen: Morality and Masculinity in France, 1870–1920. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

  • Wesseling, Elisabeth. 2004. “Visual Narrativity in the Picture Book: Heinrich Hoffmann’s Der Struwwelpeter.” Children’s Literature in Education 35 (4): 319345.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 29 29 11
Full Text Views 20 20 1
PDF Downloads 17 17 0