This exploratory article draws critical insights from Raewyn Connell's The Men and the Boys (2000) to unpack the gendered nature of neoliberal right-wing populist governance in India and America. Connell's prescient work targeted towards forging new theoretical inroads in masculinity studies research, on its conception, continues to provide a vital heuristic model to make better sense of the present condition. This article first situates right-wing populist governance in India and America within the rubric of global neoliberal capitalism. It then unpacks Narendra Modi and Donald Trump's carefully calibrated populist imaging, drawing attention to the surrounding gendered discourses rooted in local and culturally idealized perceptions of hegemonic masculinity. Narendra Modi and Donald Trump's public figuration falls in the “cult of strongman leader stereotype”, characterized by risk-taking translated into perceived virility. Social media and its affordances further prop up their perceived masculine public personas, while affectively inscribing traditional inscriptions of heteronormative masculinity, such as ideas of dominance, as aspirational. Through preliminary research, this article then considers the effects of political masculinities on adolescent masculinities. In conclusion, this article stresses the theoretical relevance of Connell's important work twenty years later.
Amrita De is a PhD candidate in the Department of Comparative Literature at SUNY Binghamton. She is an interdisciplinary scholar of South Asian Literature and Masculinity Studies. Her dissertation explores the idea of fragility in literary articulations of postcolonial Indian masculinities across different registers such as virility, stoicism, and entrepreneurship. She is also a creative writer and is presently working on her first novel, which also explores Indian masculinities. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Davis, Julie Hirschfeld, and HeleneCooper.2017. “Trump Says Transgender People Will Not Be Allowed in the Millitary.” The New York Times, 26July.https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/26/us/politics/trump-transgender-military.html.)| false
Elias, Juanita, and ChristineBeasley. 2009. “Hegemonic Masculinity and Globalization: ‘Transnational Business Masculinities’ and Beyond.” Globalizations 6 (2): 281–296.10.1080/14747730902854232)| false
Govil, Nitin, and Anirban KapilBaishya. 2018. “The Bully in the Pulpit: Autocracy, Digital Social Media, and Right-Wing Populist Technoculture.” Communication Culture & Critique 11 (1): 67–84.10.1093/ccc/tcx001)| false
Jaffrelot, Christophe. 2013.” Gujarat Elections: The Sub-Text of Modi's ‘Hattrick’—High Tech Populism and the ‘Neo-Middle Class.’” Studies in Indian Politics 1 (1): 79–95.10.1177/2321023013482789)| false
Kimmel, Michael S., and MatthewMahler. 2003. “Adolescent Masculinity, Homophobia, and Violence: Random School Shootings, 1982–2001.” American Behavioural Scientist 46 (10): 1439–1458.10.1177/0002764203046010010)| false
Menon, Madhavi. 2020. “Macho Man: By Using a Gay Anthem at Their Rally, What Message Did Modi and Trump Intend to Convey?” Scroll.in, 1 March. https://scroll.in/article/954648/macho-man-by-using-a-gay-anthem-at-their-rally-what-message-did-modi-and-trump-intend-to-convey.)| false
Mudde, Cas, and Cristóbal RoviraKaltwasser. 2015. “Vox Populi or Vox Masculini? Populism and Gender in Northern Europe and South America.” Patterns of Prejudice49 (1–2): 16–36. doi: 10.1080/0031322X.2015.1014197.
Mudde, Cas, and Cristóbal RoviraKaltwasser. 2015. “Vox Populi or Vox Masculini? Populism and Gender in Northern Europe and South America.” Patterns of Prejudice 49 (1–2): 16–36. doi: 10.1080/0031322X.2015.1014197.10.1080/0031322X.2015.1014197)| false
Natanson, Hannah, JohnWoodrow, and Cox PerryStein. 2020. “Trump's Words, Bullied Kids, Scarred Schools.” The Washington Post, 13February. https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/local/school-bullying-trump-words/.)| false
Raju, S.2020. “Dalit Boy Killed Over Prayer at UP Temple.” The Hindustan Times. 10June. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/dalit-boy-killed-over-prayer-at-up-temple/story-evS5ludyWjLWkJruO9Dk2J.html.)| false
Safi, Michael. 2019. “Modi's Space Weapon Announcement Struggles for Lift-Off.” The Guardian. 27March. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/27/modi-space-weapon-announcement-struggles-for-lift-off.)| false
Starck, Kathleen, andSauer, Birgit. 2014. “Political Masculinities: Introduction.” In A Man's World? Political Masculinities in Literature and Culture, ed. KathleenStarck and BirgitSauer, 3–10, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing.
Starck, Kathleen, andSauer, Birgit. 2014. “Political Masculinities: Introduction.” In A Man's World? Political Masculinities in Literature and Culture, ed. KathleenStarck and BirgitSauer, 3–10, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing.)| false
The Quint. 2020. “Secularism, Caste under Axed Topics as CBSE Reduces Syllabus.” 8July. https://www.thequint.com/news/education/cbse-cuts-citizenship-democracy-secularism-chapters-from-class-11-syllabus.)| false