Administrating Violence through Coal Ash Policies and Practices

in Conflict and Society
Erin R. Eldridge Fayetteville State University

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Coal ash, the waste generated at coal-burning power plants, is one of the largest waste streams in the United States, and it contains a range of contaminants, including arsenic and mercury. Disasters at coal ash waste sites in recent years have led to increased public scrutiny of coal ash in communities and have sparked policy debates, lawsuits, and complaints throughout the country. With emphasis on federal and state coal ash policies since the 1970s, this article highlights the synthesis of government and corporate power in coal ash politics, and the bureaucratic processes affecting communities near coal ash sites. Based on ethnographic research following the 2008 Tennessee Valley Authority coal ash disaster, as well as preliminary research on the “social life” of coal ash in North Carolina, this article specifically offers ethnographic insight into the lived experiences of social and ecological violence created, perpetuated, and normalized through bureaucratic processes.

Contributor Notes

ERIN R. ELDRIDGE is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Fayetteville State University in North Carolina. She is a cultural anthropologist, with training in botany and wildlife and fisheries science. She has ethnographic fieldwork experience in Appalachia, West Africa, and Central America, and her research focuses on political ecological concerns, socioecological violence, and the intersections of development and disasters. Email:

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