Those who have participated in organized political violence often develop distinctive identities as veteran combatants. But what possibilities exist to produce a veteran identity for “invisible” veterans denied public recognition or mention, such as politically repressed defeated insurgents? Everyday socializing during or after political violence can help restore social worlds threatened or destroyed by violence; an examination of “invisible” veteran defeated revolutionaries in Dhufar, Oman, shows how everyday socializing can help reproduce a distinctive veteran identity despite political repression. Ethnographic fieldwork with veteran militants from the defeated revolutionary liberation movement for Dhufar reveals that while veterans (who are a diverse group) no longer publicly reproduce their political and economic revolutionary ideals, some male veterans—through everyday, same-sex socializing—reproduce revolutionary ideals of social, especially tribal and ethnic, egalitarianism. These practices mark a distinctive veteran identity and indicate an “afterlife” of lasting social legacies of defeated revolution.
ALICE WILSON is Senior Lecturer in Social Anthropology at the University of Sussex. Her research interests span political and economic anthropology, with a focus on the legacies of projects for radical social change such as revolutions and liberation movements. She has conducted fieldwork in northwest Africa and in Oman. Her book, Sovereignty in Exile: A Saharan Liberation Movement Governs (2016), charts experiments in sovereignty and revolutionary state power in the exiled liberation movement for Western Sahara. Sovereignty in Exile won Honorable Mention in the 2017 book award of the Middle East Section of the American Anthropological Association. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fernández-Savater, Amador, Cristina FlesherFominaya, eds. 2017. “Life after the Squares: Reflections on the Consequences of the Occupy Movements.” Social Movement Studies16 (1): 119–151. https://10.1080/14742837.2016.1244478.
Fernández-Savater, Amador, Cristina FlesherFominaya, eds. 2017. “Life after the Squares: Reflections on the Consequences of the Occupy Movements.” Social Movement Studies 16 (1): 119–151. https://10.1080/14742837.2016.1244478.10.1080/14742837.2016.1244478)| false
Hughes, Dhana. 2013. “‘Retired’ Insurgents: Recreating Life after Sri Lanka's Terror.” Contemporary South Asia 21 (1): 62–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/09584935.2012.757583.10.1080/09584935.2012.757583)| false
Israel, Adrienne M. 1992. “Ex-servicemen at the Crossroads: Protest and Politics in Post-war Ghana.” Journal of Modern African Studies 30 (2): 359–368. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X00010776.10.1017/S0022278X00010776)| false
Kelly, Tobias. 2008. “The Attractions of Accountancy: Living an Ordinary Life During the Second Palestinian Intifada.” Ethnography 9 (3): 351–376. https://doi.org/10.1177/1466138108094975.10.1177/1466138108094975)| false
Killingray, David. 1983. “Soldiers, Ex-servicemen, and Politics in the Gold Coast, 1939–50.” Journal of Modern African Studies 21 (3): 523–534. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X00023545.10.1017/S0022278X00023545)| false
Metsola, Lalli. 2010. “The Struggle Continues? The Spectre of Liberation, Memory Politics and ‘War Veterans’ in Namibia.” Development and Change41 (4): 589–613. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.2010.01651.x.
Metsola, Lalli. 2010. “The Struggle Continues? The Spectre of Liberation, Memory Politics and ‘War Veterans’ in Namibia.” Development and Change 41 (4): 589–613. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.2010.01651.x.10.1111/j.1467-7660.2010.01651.x)| false
Sindre, Gyda Marås, and JohannaSöderström. 2016. “Understanding Armed Groups and Party Politics.” Civil Wars 18 (2): 109–117. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698249.2016.1205559.10.1080/13698249.2016.1205559)| false
Stefansson, Anders. 2010. “Coffee after Cleansing? Co-Existence, Co-operation, and Communication in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina.” Focaal 57: 62–76. https://doi.org/10.3167/fcl.2010.570105.10.3167/fcl.2010.570105)| false
Valéri, Marc. 2011. “The Qaboos-State under the Test of the ‘Omani Spring’: Are the Regime's Answers Up to Expectations?” CERI (September). https://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/sites/sciencespo.fr.ceri/files/art_mv.pdf.)| false
Wiegink, Nikkie. 2013. “Why Did the Soldiers Not Go Home? Demobilized Combatants, Family Life, and Witchcraft in Postwar Mozambique.” Anthropological Quarterly86 (1): 107–132. https://10.1353/anq.2013.0014.
Wiegink, Nikkie. 2013. “Why Did the Soldiers Not Go Home? Demobilized Combatants, Family Life, and Witchcraft in Postwar Mozambique.” Anthropological Quarterly 86 (1): 107–132. https://10.1353/anq.2013.0014.10.1353/anq.2013.0014)| false
The Arctic is one of Russia’s treasures. However, Arctic economic development means that business is invading lands that are sacred to indigenous peoples. As a rule, regional authorities are interested in tax revenues from subsoil users, prompting them to decide the culture-or-mining dilemma in favor of the latter. But this does not mean that the price of this encroachment on indigenous lands remains uncalculated. Since its establishment in 2010, Yakutia’s Ethnological Expertise Committee has developed a tool for assessing the damage caused to indigenous communities by subsoil users. The problem of getting businesses to compensate indigenous communities has yet to be solved. This article seeks answers to the problem of fair compensation methods and explores modes of partnership and cooperation on traditional lands.
Having devoted an entire issue of the journal (and some overflow into the
following one) to the current state of Yiddish, there was an obvious logic in
attempting to do the same for the state of Ladino. But whereas the sound of
Yiddish, albeit in a vulgarized form, is familiar, and access to texts and
scholars working in the field is relatively easy, Ladino presents an entirely
different set of problems. It has no obvious speakers to promote it today in
Anglo-Saxon countries, and the subject belongs more to the realm of
specialized studies. So the Editorial Board was delighted when Hilary
Pomeroy agreed to help us in suggesting possible contributors. Hilary
Pomeroy teaches courses on the culture and history of Sephardi Jewry in the
Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, University College London, and
has chaired the British Conference on Judeo-Spanish Studies, an international
scholarly resource, since 1995. Once the list began to come together, it became
obvious that it needed particular expertise to edit the issue effectively, and
Hilary generously accepted the invitation to take on this task.
This article addresses the complex relationships between political discourses, demographic constellations, the affordances of new technologies, and linguistic practices in contemporary Germany. It focuses on political and personal responses to the increasingly multilingual nature of German society and the often-conflicting ways in which “the German language” figures in strategies promoting social integration and Germany's global position. In order to do this, the idea of “the German language” is contextualized in relation to both internal and external processes of contemporary social change. On the one hand, changes to the social order arising from the increasingly complex patterns of inward migration have led to conflicts between a persistent monolingual ideology and multilingual realities. On the other hand, changes in the global context and the explosive growth of new social media have resulted in both challenges and new opportunities for the German language in international communication. In this context, the article explores internal and external policy responses, for example, in relation to education and citizenship in Germany, and the embedding of German language campaigns in strategies promoting multilingualism; and impacts on individual linguistic practices and behaviors, such as the emergence of “multiethnolects” and online multilingualism.
Combining history, theology, and the cognitive study of religion, this article offers a new interpretation of the origins and purpose of the fourth-century Trinitarian theology known as Homoianism, suggesting that it aimed to create an “entry-level“ Christianity as a first step in gradually easing polytheists into Christianity. It highlights the polemical nature of Homoianism's characterization as “Arianism,“ and examines the beliefs of Homoianism's proponents, including those of Ulfila, the “apostle of the Goths.“ This article suggests that the Homoian view of the Trinity attempted to map non-Christian intuitions of divinity onto the Christian doctrine of God. It points to Homoianism's Western origins on the Roman Empire's strategically important Danubian frontier, arguing that a Homoian creed should be seen not only in the wider context of the “Arian Controversy,“ but also as part of attempts to ensure the peaceful Romanization of the Goths.