This article explores the Arab Spring uprisings that
started in late 2010, and investigates why pro-democracy movements
were circumvented in most Gulf Cooperation Council countries.
Our research is qualitative in nature, and looks into the
antecedents of the revolts in Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Algeria, and Yemen to ascertain why revolutionary activity was
precluded in Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi
Arabia, and Oman. Through the utilization of academic research,
news sources, governmental, intergovernmental organization, and
international nongovernmental organization reports and policy
papers, we conclude that the generous allocations of public goods
and the extant and reactive government policies during the Arab
Spring period successfully
preempted revolutionary activities in the
Gulf. In this article, we also examine the only Gulf country outlier,
by investigating what policies and conditions led to outbreaks
of large-scale pro-democracy demonstrations in that nation.
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