This article illustrates the impact of generic differences and changes in the
social and political context on the use of emotion concepts such as love and
passion in selected Urdu novels from 1869 until 1945. While Nazir Ahmad
(1830/31–1912) and Rashid-ul Khairi (1868–1936) in their domestic novels
tend to stress the control of passions, particularly in familial relationships,
Abdul Halim Sharar (1860–1926) in his Islamic novels/historical romances
allows for romantic attraction and propagates religious fervor, bringing him
closer to the emotion vocabulary used in contemporary Urdu journalism.
This format was later expanded by Nasim Hijazi (1914–1996), who sought
to strengthen the enthusiasm of fellow Muslims in their fight for Pakistan. In
this highly popular genre strong feelings and passions serve to arouse intense
feeling for the Muslim community.