Jean Baudrillard’s essay, ‘Simulacra and Simulations’, speaks of the
postmodern condition as one in which the only ‘reality’ is a virtual
one, constituted in the interminable play of signifiers which saturate
our experience. Today, he argues,
Simulation is no longer … of a territory, a referential being or a substance.
It is the generation by models of a real without origin or reality:
the hyperreal. The territory no longer precedes the map, nor survives it.
Henceforth, it is the map that precedes the territory … it is the map that
engenders the territory. … It is the real, and not the map, whose vestiges
subsist here and there, in the deserts which are … our own. The desert of
the real itself.