Visualising Resilience

Joe Sacco’s Safe Area Goražde

in Critical Survey
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  • 1 Department of English, University of Hyderabad, India
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This article argues that Joe Sacco in Safe Area Goražde, first published in 2000, constantly draws our attention to the resilience of the Goražde people who recover from their horrific experiences of the 1994–95 massacres, as a way of pointing to the continuing trauma of the same people. First, Sacco depicts both individual and social resilience. He then presents the inhabitants of the town as living in perpetual risk, for resilience demands the mobilisation of disaster or its threat as a constant presence. Third, resilience is linked to the collapse of cultural protection where the survivors are transformed into previvors of a future disaster. Sacco suggests that resilience, then, is not a good thing after all because it opens up already embedded vulnerability to greater exposure and an uncertain, but not secure, future.

Contributor Notes

Pramod K. Nayar teaches in the Department of English at the University of Hyderabad, India. His latest books include Indian Travel Writing in the Age of Empire (2020), Ecoprecarity (2019), The Extreme in Contemporary Culture (2017), Human Rights and Literature (2016) and The Indian Graphic Novel (2016). His essays on comics and graphic texts have appeared in Image and Text, Biography, Journal of Postcolonial Writing, Studies in South Asian Film and Media and various anthologies. Email:


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