This critical reply addresses William Caspary’s commentary on my use of John Dewey to elevate the theory of participatory democracy above deliberative democracy within contemporary democratic thought. In this reply I will defend my reading of Dewey against Caspary’s claim that Dewey is not the supporter of “nondeliberative” direct action that I take him to be. I will also explore the similarities and differences between my and Caspary’s views on the consonance of participatory democracy with practices of direct action, and I will expand on my own critique of deliberative democratic thought.
Jeff Jackson is a Harper-Schmidt Fellow and Collegiate Assistant Professor at the University of Chicago. He received his PhD in political theory from UCLA in June 2014. His articles have appeared in Democratic Theory, Polity, The Pluralist, and Education and Culture. E-mail: Jcjackson@uchicago.edu.