Durkheim, the Action Française and the Question of Nationalism

in Durkheimian Studies
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Sue Stedman-Jones
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Abstract

This article concerns Émile Durkheim's critique of the Action Française as expressed in his seminal articles of 1898, which was an important moment in the Dreyfus Affair, where Durkheim's active engagement serves to challenge a still widespread view of him as a latter day traditionalist and positivist, He developed epistemological and political arguments against this proto-fascist movement, which have implications for his accounts of nationalism and internationalism.

Contributor Notes

Susan Stedman-Jones formerly taught the philosophy of social science and sociological theory at Goldsmiths College, University of London. She has studied philosophy and anthropology at University College, London, and completed a PhD in philosophy. Her dissertation ‘From Kant to Durkheim’ earned a British Academy research award. She has worked with the British Centre for Durkheimian Studies and the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, both at the University of Oxford, and has published Durkheim Reconsidered (2001) and various articles which focus on the philosophical and historical aspects of Durkheim's thought, some of which have appeared in Durkheimian Studies/Études Durkheimiennes. E-mail: suestedman@gmail.com

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Durkheimian Studies

Études Durkheimiennes

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  • Durkheim, É. 1885. ‘Review of Organisation et vie du corps social selon Schaeffle’. Revue Philosophique 19: 84101. Repr. 1975, in V. Karady (ed), Textes. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, I. 355377.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1886. ‘La Science sociale selon de Greef’ [Social science according to de Greef]. Revue Philosophique 22: 658663. Repr. 1975 in V. Karady (ed), Textes. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, I. 3743.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1893. De la division du travail social. Paris: Alcan. Quadrige/ Presses universitaires de France 11th

  • Durkheim, É. 1895. Les Règles de la méthode sociologique [The rules of the sociological method]. Paris: Alcan. Repr. 1897. Paris: Quadrige.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1898a. ‘Répresentations individuelles et répresentations collectives’ [Individual and collective representations]. Revue de Metaphysique et de Morale 6: 273302. https://eweb.uqac.ca/bibliotheque/archives/13894689.pdf. Repr. 1974, in Sociologie et Philosophie, 4th edn. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 139.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1898b. ‘L'Individualisme et les intellectuels’ [Individualism and intellectuals]. Revue Bleue 10: 713. Repr. 1970, in La science sociale et l'action [Social science and action]. Ed. J. C. Filloux. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 261281.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1900. ‘La sociologie et son domaine scientifique’ [Sociology and its scientific field]. Repr. 1975, in V. Karady (ed), Textes. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, I. 1336.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1905. ‘Débat sur le nationalisme et le patriotisme’ [Debate on nationalism and patriotism]. Repr. 1975, in V. Karady (ed), Textes. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, III. 176183.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1907. ‘Pacifisme et patriotisme’ [Pacifism and patriotism]. Société Francaise de Philosophie, 12 December. Repr. 1970, in La science sociale et l'action [Social science and action]. Ed. J. C. Filloux. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 293300.

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  • Durkheim, É. 1909. ‘Morale civique et patrie’ [Civic morality and the nation]. Repr. 1975, in V. Karady (ed), Textes. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, III. 220224.

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  • Sternhell, Z. 1986. Neither Left nor Right: Fascist Ideology in France. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

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  • Zola, E. 1898. ‘J'accuse’ [I accuse]. Repr. 2010, in L'Affaire Drèyfus [The Dreyfus Affair]. Paris: Libre de Poche.

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