This article considers two graphic novels that depict and deal with two separate periods during the Spanish Reconquista [Reconquest] that was fought during the Middle Ages by the Christian kingdoms to roll back the Muslim domination of the Iberian peninsula. Though written more than thirty years apart, El Cid (1971–1984), by Antonio Hernández Palacios, and 1212: Las Navas de Tolosa (2016), by Jesús Cano de la Iglesia, present interesting and at times quite similar views of the medieval Spanish past, even though the periods they depict were arguably very different from each other. This article analyses the ways in which both authors depict the themes of Spain, the crusading movement, and ‘otherness’ in their texts, and it considers the potential influences behind their depictions of such themes.
Iain A. MacInnes is a senior lecturer in Scottish history at the University of the Highlands and Islands. His primary research focuses on fourteenth-century Scottish military and political history. His monograph Scotland’s Second War of Independence, 1332–1357 (Boydell Press, 2016) provides a detailed consideration of conduct and chivalry in this lesser-known period of conflict. He is currently writing articles on graphic novel depictions of the Hundred Years War (1337–1453) in English-and French-language publications (including Le Trône d’Argile and Crécy), counterfactual depictions of the Middle Ages in the graphic series Jour J, and the medieval-like world of Game of Thrones. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org