One of the keys to understanding the Book of Leviticus is Genesis 1, the
account of the creation of the world.
The world that God creates comes into being through a series of
separations: between light and darkness, between the waters above and below
the firmament, between the sea and the dry land. In the end there are three
major divisions, the heavens, the earth and the waters beneath the earth, each
with its own distinctive features and inhabitants. As the Psalmist explains, the
heavens are the domain of God, but the earth has been given to human beings
to inhabit. However, because of God’s experience with human beings there
will be one further act of separation, the choosing of Israel from amongst all
the peoples of the world to be a ‘kingdom of priests and a holy nation’. The
Book of Leviticus is about how the collective life of Israel is to be regulated
so as to fulfil this task as a kingdom of priests.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.