Restricted access


This article contains critically constructive reflections on the document, ‘“The Gifts and the Calling of God are Irrevocable” (Rom. 11:29). A Reflection on Theological Questions Pertaining to Catholic-Jewish Relations on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of “Nostra Aetate” (no. 4)’. The author argues that a certain type of supersessionism (mild, as opposed to harsh, using categories employed by Levering and Novak) is inevitable and even necessary to Christian discourse. The document fails to define different types of supersessionism and their various relationships to the concept of fulfilment. The latter concept is advocated by the document. The author also raises questions about the justification of the document’s statements on mission, suggesting a theological approach by which these teachings could be better understood. However, this new understanding raises even more difficulties for Catholics and Jews than it perhaps resolves.

Contributor Notes

Gavin D’Costa is Professor of Catholic Theology, University of Bristol. His most recent book is Vatican II. Catholic Doctrines on Jews and Muslims (OUP, 2014).

European Judaism

A Journal for the New Europe

  • AquinasThomas. Summa Theologiae 1a-IIae q. 90108.

  • CunninghamPhilip and PollefeytDidier. ‘The Triune God, the Incarnate Logos, and Israel’s Covenantal Life’ in Christ Jesus and the Jewish People Todayed. Philip CunninghamJoseph SieversMary BoysHans Herrmann Henrix and Jesper SvartvikGrand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans2011 pp. 183202.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D’CostaGavin. Vatican II: Catholic Doctrines on Jews and MuslimsOxford: Oxford University Press2014.

  • Kendall SoulenR. The God of Israel and Christian TheologyMinneapolis: Fortress Press1996.

  • KinzerMark. Postmissionary Messianic Judaism: Redefining Christian Engagement with the Jewish PeopleGrand Rapids, MI: Brazos2005.

  • KinzerMark. Searching Her Own MysteryEugene: Cascade2015.

  • LevensonJon. ‘Must We Accept the Other’s Self-UnderstandingThe Journal of Religion 71 no. 41991558567.

  • LeveringMatthew. Christ’s Fulfillment of Torah and Temple: Salvation According to Thomas AquinasNotre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press2002.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LeveringMatthew. Jewish-Christian Dialogue and the Life of WisdomLondon: Continnum2010.

  • NovakDavid. Jewish-Christian Dialogue: A Jewish JustificationNew York: Oxford University Press1989.

  • NovakDavid. Talking with Christians: Musing of a Jewish TheologianGrand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans2005.

  • PollefeytDidier and MoyaertMarianne. ‘Israel and the Church: Fulfillment Beyond Supersessionism?’ in Never Revoked: Nostra Aetate as Ongoing Challenge for Jewish-Christian Dialogue ed. Didier Pollefeyt and Marianne MoyaertLouvain: Peeters2010159183.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TapieMatthew. Aquinas on Israel and the Church: The Question of Supersessionism in the Theology of Thomas AquinasEugene: Pickwick Publications2014.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WyschogrodMichael. ‘Letter to a FriendModern Theology 11 no. 21995163241.


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 41 41 37
Full Text Views 8 8 0
PDF Downloads 1 1 0