The narrative in BT Kiddushin 81b about R. Hiyya bar Ashi tells of a sage who waged a
battle with his Urge after he refrained from engaging in sexual relations with his wife.
He, however, did not reveal to her the battle being waged within him, but rather pretended
to be an ‘angel’. When his wife incidentally found it, she disguised herself as a
harlot and set out to seduce him. After they had engaged in sexual relations, the rabbi
wanted to commit suicide. The traditional readings view R. Hiyya as the hero of the tale.
This article claims that the aim of the narrative is to present the rabbi as being carried
away by dualistic-Christian conceptions. The article further argues that the topic of the
narrative is not sexual relations, but dialogue.