Shylock ’47 was a Hebrew-language stage production presented by the Pargod Theatre
in New York in 1947. Conceived and directed by Peter Frye, it was a metatheatrical play-within-a-play that interrogated the idea of producing The Merchant of Venice in the aftermath
of the Holocaust. It combined original scenes culled from Shimon Halkin’s Hebrew
translation of Merchant with present-based transitional scenes, created mostly through
improvisation and discussion between director and cast. What eventually emerged was
a script based on Shakespeare’s text with added dramatized discussions about the play’s
meaning and relevance to Jews at that particular moment in history.