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Abstract

Until the mid twentieth century, Moroccan Jewry constituted the largest non-Ashkenazi Jewish community and had more than double the population of any other Jewish community in the Islamic world. Under the influence of the Alliance Israélite Universelle school network, French colonialism, the experience of World War II and the innate tensions between Zionism and Arab nationalism, the Jews of Morocco underwent a variety of transformations and ultimately the dissolution of the community as a result of the mass exodus to Israel, France and North America.

Contributor Notes

Norman (Noam) A. Stillman is Schusterman/Josey Professor of Judaic History Emeritus and Founding Director, Center for Judaic & Israel Studies at the University of Oklahoma and Visiting Distinguished Professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is the author of many books and articles in several languages on the Jews of the Islamic Arab world, including The Jews of Arab Lands (1979) and The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times (1991).

European Judaism

A Journal for the New Europe

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