Learning to Pray by Singing

Gregorian Chants with Texts Based on the Psalms

in European Judaism
Author:
Stefan Klöckner Folkwang University of Arts, Essen, Germany

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Abstract

Gregorian chants are mostly based on Old Testament texts, predominantly from the Psalms. Decisive for their interpretation in the light of the New Testament are texts of the Church Fathers (Augustine, Gregory the Great, etc.). The texts often do not follow their canonical order in the Bible, but were primarily compiled on the basis of broader associations. Hence, it is not uncommon for new content references to emerge that are committed to a Christian perspective, emotionally and theologically very bold. This article describes an imaginary ‘Gregorian Composition Workshop’: the individual ‘chambers’ include compiling texts, the choice of a suitable mode and melody, as well as the most refined rhythmic differentiations. The final piece, through its unique quality as the ‘sounding word of Holy Scripture’ permits an intensive view of the spirituality of the ninth and tenth centuries, and a realistic understanding of the Psalms as the basis of Christian existence.

Contributor Notes

Dr Stefan Klöckner is director of church music, professor for musicology/Gregorian studies and history of Church music at the Folkwang University of Arts in Essen, as well as guest professor for dogma and border questions in theology and music at the Fribourg University, Switzerland. He is the director of the ‘Münsterschwarzacher Choralkurse’. In 2012 he established the first Germany-wide university programme in the study of Gregorian chant.

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European Judaism

A Journal for the New Europe

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