In the European context, where the rise of right-wing movements and
parties indicates the emergence of an integral Europe, Italy represents a country
where the fascist past grants these political formations significant identitarian security.
Drawing on ethnographic research conducted with a contemporary neofascist
movement called CasaPound active in Italy, this article proposes to take
seriously the activists’ definition of themselves as “third-millennium fascists.” This
article examines the network that CasaPound has built around its movement to analyze
the presence fascist political culture currently maintains. Following militants’
interpretations of fascist ideology and practice, which oscillates between violence
and death on one side and emotions and community on the other, third-millennium
fascism appears to be a style of life deeply rooted in violent acts and death.