Stemming from a Gramscian approach, this article engages with the anthropological
debate about subaltern groups’ forms of resistance by using the case
of marginalized Fulani groups of pastoral and nomadic origins in northwest Benin.
Their experiences seemingly confirm contemporary theories on resistance,
which emphasize subaltern people’s capacities to tactically circumvent exploitation
and exclusion and to handle contradictions between different “moral economies.”
Nevertheless, one should question the impact of small-scale reactions that remain
on the infrapolitical level and the emancipatory role that political theories give
to tactical forms of resistance of dispersed subjectivities while refusing collective
strategies. Grounding Gramscian theories in ethnography, this article wonders
about the possibilities and limits of margins to turn into the scene of an “autonomous
political initiative” of a subaltern group.