Le Nouvel Esprit du capitalisme is a socio-cultural response to the neoliberal
explanation of the successes and failures of capitalism in France during the
last three decades in terms of individual rational actors and markets. Luc
Boltanski and Eve Chiapello draw their inspiration from critical readings of
sociologists who interpreted earlier incarnations of capitalism, including Karl
Marx and Friedrich Engels, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim.