Affirmative Action at Sciences Po

in French Politics, Culture & Society
View More View Less
  • 1 Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales
Restricted access

In the United States, the expression “affirmative action” generally refers to a wide array of measures set up at the end of the 1960s by executive agencies and the federal judiciary. These measures grant some (more or less flexible) kind of preferential treatment in the allocation of scarce resources—jobs, university admissions and government contracts—to the members of groups formerly targeted for legal discrimination (African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, women, sometimes Asians).1 In France, by contrast, the main operational criterion for identifying the beneficiaries of affirmative action policies (in French, “discrimination positive”) is not race or gender,2 but geographical location: residents of a socioeconomically disadvantaged area will indirectly benefit from the additional input of financial resources allocated by state agencies to that area as a whole.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 155 121 1
Full Text Views 13 5 0
PDF Downloads 7 5 0