L'adoption internationale

Un facteur d'évolution de la morphologie familiale (1945–1985)

in French Politics, Culture & Society
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  • 1 l'Université d'Angers, France
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Abstract

In France, international adoption developed in the 1960s and became an important social phenomenon in the 1980s. During this period, successive regulations led to differences in the ways the interest of the French child and the foreign child were treated. This situation also challenged the established norms of the conjugal family. Adopting a foreign child made it possible to “make a family” differently, and gave French society new forms of the family to consider that both shaped and illustrated the evolution of family morphology. Adoptive families also participated in debates on the concepts of family, kinship, and parenthood, and they helped to make disabled children and so-called “children of color” more accepted.

Contributor Notes

Yves Denéchère est professeur d'histoire contemporaine à l'Université d'Angers (France) où il dirige le laboratoire de recherche TEMOS (CNRS UMR 9016) et le programme pluridisciplinaire EnJeu[x] Enfance et Jeunesse. Il a publié une première histoire de l'adoption internationale en France : Des enfants venus de loin (Paris : Armand Colin, 2011). Il s'intéresse plus particulièrement à l'adoption internationale en tant que migration transnationale singulière, à ses impacts sur la construction subjective des personnes concernées et à ses effets sur les sociétés de départ et d'accueil.