Decolonizing, Indigenizing, and Making Space for Indigenous Girls Visiting York University

in Girlhood Studies
Author:
Sarah Flicker Professor, York University, Canada Flicker@yorku.ca

Search for other papers by Sarah Flicker in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6202-5519
,
Amanda Galusha Freelance, Canada m.galusha@gmail.com

Search for other papers by Amanda Galusha in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
L. Anders Sandberg Professor, York University, Canada sandberg@yorku.ca

Search for other papers by L. Anders Sandberg in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5966-3031
,
Jennifer Altenberg Educator, Freelance JAltenberg@gscs.ca

Search for other papers by Jennifer Altenberg in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
The Young Indigenous Women's Utopia yiwutopia@gmail.com

Search for other papers by The Young Indigenous Women's Utopia in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Abstract

We examine the possibilities for Indigenization afforded by a visit from the girls’ group, Young Indigenous Women's Utopia (YIWU), to York University. Through classroom presentations, workshops, and a book launch, the girls shared their knowledge, perspectives, culture, and art, challenged stereotypes, and inspired university community members. The visit encouraged local students and faculty to find innovative ways to disrupt prevailing colonial norms by employing strategies such as public workshops, the Alternative Campus Tour and curating exhibits so as to integrate Indigenous knowledge, histories, and epistemologies. In this article, we explore the transformative potential of such encounters and emphasize the imperative to prioritize Indigenous knowledge systems and empower Indigenous girls in educational realms.

Contributor Notes

Sarah Flicker (ORCID: 0000-0001-6202-5519), settler-Canadian of European Jewish ancestry, is a professor in the Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change and Research Chair in Participatory Methods at York University. Email: Flicker@yorku.ca

Amanda Galusha is a settler-Canadian from Treaty 3 and recent honours graduate in Environmental Management. Email: m.galusha@gmail.com

L. Anders Sandberg (ORCID: 0000-0002-5966-3031), a Swedish settler-Canadian, is an Environmental and Urban Change professor. Email: sandberg@yorku.ca

Jennifer Altenberg (she/her) is a Michif woman, educator, and community scholar. Email: JAltenberg@gscs.ca

The Young Indigenous Women's Utopia is an award-winning girl group that challenges gender-based and colonial violence using Indigenous and arts-based methods. Email: yiwutopia@gmail.com

  • Collapse
  • Expand

Girlhood Studies

An Interdisciplinary Journal

  • Altenberg, Jennifer, Sarah Flicker, Katie MacEntee, and Kari-Dawn Wuttunee. 2018. “‘We are Strong. We are Beautiful. We are Smart. We are Iskwew:’ Saskatoon Indigenous Girls Use Cellphilms to Speak Back to Gender-Based Violence.” In Disrupting Shameful Legacies: Girls and Young Women Speaking Back through the Arts to Address Sexual Violence, ed. Claudia Mitchell and Relebohile Moletsane, 6579. Rotterdam, NL: Brill Sense.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bailey, Kerry A. 2016. “Racism within the Canadian University: Indigenous Students’ Experiences.Ethnic and Racial Studies 39 (7): 12611279. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2015.1081961

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bardekjian, Adrina, Michael Classens, and L. Anders Sandberg. 2012. “Reading the Urban Landscape: The Case of a Campus Tour at York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.” Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2: 249256. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13412-012-0084-x

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Canel-Çınarbaş, Deniz, and Sophie Yohani. 2019. “Indigenous Canadian University Students’ Experiences of Microaggressions.” International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 41: 4160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-018-9345-z

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Clark, Natalie. 2016. “Red Intersectionality and Violence-informed Witnessing Praxis with Indigenous Girls.Girlhood Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 9 (2): 4664. https://doi.org/10.3167/ghs.2016.090205

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Daigle, Michelle. 2019. “The Spectacle of Reconciliation: On (the) Unsettling Responsibilities to Indigenous Peoples in the Academy.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 37 (4):703721. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263775818824342

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dion, Jacinthe, Stephanie Boisvert, Geneviève Paquette, Manon Bergeron, Martine Hébert, and Isabelle Daigneault. 2022. “Sexual Violence at University: Are Indigenous Students More at Risk?Journal of Interpersonal Violence 37 (17/18) NP16534–NP16555. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605211021990

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Drawson, Alexandra S., Elaine Toombs, and Christopher J. Mushquash. 2017. “Indigenous Research Methods: A Systematic Review.International Indigenous Policy Journal 8 (2): 128. https://doi.org/10.18584/iipj.2017.8.2.5

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fetterman, D. M. (1998). “Ethnography.” In Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods, ed. Leonard Bickman & Debra J. Rog, 473504. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Flicker, Sarah. 2018. “Unsettling: Musings on Ten Years of Collaborations with Indigenous Youth as a White Settler Scholar.” In Disrupting Shameful Legacies: Girls and Young Women Speaking Back Through the Arts to Address Sexual Violence, ed. Claudia Mitchell and Relobohile Moletsane, 313332. Rotterdam, NL: Brill Sense.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kovach, Margaret. 2009. Indigenous Methodologies: Characteristics, Conversations and Contexts. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Laramee, Myra. 2017. “Skirt Teachings.” CBC Radio: Unreserved Tuesday Teaching. 16 March. https://www.powwows.com/unreserveds-tuesday-teaching-womens-traditional-skirts/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mandamin, Zachary. “Amplifying Trans-femininity through Photovoice,” (Senior Honours Thesis, York University, 2022).

  • Sandberg, L. Anders. 2015. Subverting the Enterprise University: The Case of the Alternative Campus Tour at York University, Toronto, Canada. International Studies in Widening Participation 2 (2): 1219.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sandberg, L. Anders, Martha Stiegman, and Jesse Thistle. 2016. “But Where Am I?” Reflections on Digital Activism Promoting Indigenous Peoples’ Presence in a Canadian Heritage Village. In Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research, ed. Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford and L. Anders Sandberg, 318328. London: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sandberg, L. Anders. 2020. “What's in a Name? What does the Duke of York Have to Do with York University? https://alternativecampustour.info.yorku.ca/2020/06/whats-in-a-name-what-does-the-duke-of-york-have-to-do-with-york-university-l-anders-sandberg/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, Linda Tuhiwai. 1999. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.

  • Stonechild, Blair. 2006. The New Buffalo: The Struggle for Aboriginal Post Secondary Education in Canada. University of Manitoba Press.

  • The Young Indigenous Women's Utopia Girls Group, Jennifer Altenberg, Zachary Mandamin, and Sarah Flicker. (forthcoming). “Creator Save the Matriarch”: Muraling Young Indigenous Women's Utopias.” In Seasons of Change: Interdisciplinary Pedagogies for Reconciliation and Redress, ed. Mindy R. Carter, Ying-Syuan (Elaine) Huang, Claudia Mitchell, Datta Ranjan, Michele Sorensen, Teena Starlight, Teresa Strong-Wilson and Angelina Weenie. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The Young Indigenous Women's Utopia Group, Cindy Moccasin, Jessica McNab, Catherine Vanner, Sarah Flicker, Jennifer Altenberg, and Kari-Dawn Wuttunee. 2021. Where are All the Girls and Indigenous People at IGSA@ ND? Girlhood Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 14 (2), 97113. https://doi.org/10.3167/ghs.2021.140208

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The Young Indigenous Women's Utopia, Katie MacEntee, Jennifer Altenberg, Sarah Flicker, Sarah and Kari-Dawn Wuttunee. 2020. “Cellphilming and Consent: Young Indigenous Women Researching Gender-based Violence.” In Ethical Practice in Participatory Visual Research with Girls and Young Women: A Focus on Rural, Indigeneity and Transnationality, ed. Relebohile Moletsane, Lisa Wiebesiek, Astrid Treffry-Goatley and April Mandrona, 110133. New York: Berghahn.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. 2015.Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action. https://nctr.ca/records/reports/

  • Wuttunee, Kari Dawn, Jennifer Altenberg, and Sarah Flicker. 2019. “Red Ribbon Skirts and Cultural Resurgence: Kimihko Sîmpân Iskwêwisâkaya Êkwa Sihcikêwin Waniskâpicikêwin.” Girlhood Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 12 (3), 6379. https://doi.org/10.3167/ghs.2019.120307

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Young Indigenous Women's Utopia, Young Indigenous Women's Utopia 2.0, and Zachary Mandamin. 2022. KÎYÂNAW OCÊPIHK. Toronto, ON: McGill and York University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • York University. 2015. “The Indigenous Framework for York University,” Toronto, ON: York University. https://indigenous.yorku.ca/framework/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • York University. 2020. “Driving Positive Change. The York University Economic and Social Impact Report 2020 Summary. Executive Summary,” Toronto, ON: York University. https://www.yorku.ca/economic-social-impact-report/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • York University. 2020. “Framework to Address Anti-black Racism,” Toronto, ON: York University. https://www.yorku.ca/vpepc/anti-black-racism-framework/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • York University. 2023. “Decolonizing, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion strategy 2023–2028,” Toronto, ON: York University. https://www.yorku.ca/dedi-strategy/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 553 553 44
Full Text Views 80 80 7
PDF Downloads 98 98 7