This article analyzes the Pegida movement from Germany, arguing that Pegida has to be seen as a special form of a populist right movement. Besides sharing the basic characteristics of such a movement, it also displays attributes from other forms of right-wing activism. The additional forms of right-wing activism identified as influential for Pegida were autonomous nationalism and ethnopluralism. These forms of activism contributed to the movement on different levels and their combination accounts for the special, hybrid form of Pegida. This analysis builds upon social movement theory and is based upon primary data collected in interviews with participants and from the official Facebook website of the movement.
Ina Schmidt is a PhD candidate at Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic. In her dissertation, she is researching far-right movements from the Czech Republic and Germany and the cooperation that is taking place between them. Her analysis is based on social movement cooperation theories and uses social network analysis and content analyses. She is also interested in far-right subcultures, extremism and radicalism and their relation to the democracy and cyberspace and its impact on developments within the far right.