Uzi Meshulam and the ‘Mishkan Ohalim’ Affair

The Influence of Radical Ultra-Orthodoxy

in Israel Studies Review
View More View Less
  • 1 University of North Carolina at Pembroke inbari@uncp.edu
Restricted access

abstract

In March 1994, a protest led by the late Rabbi Uzi Meshulam burst onto the Israeli scene when the Rabbi and his followers barricaded themselves for 47 days in the town of Yehud. They demanded that a government committee be set up to investigate the disappearance of Yemenite children, who, the Rabbi charged, had been snatched from their parents in immigrant camps during the early years of Israeli statehood. In this article I present how the dualistic yet non-violent anti-Zionist Satmar Hasidic ideology, which Meshulam had adopted, led to a violent confrontation between the Rabbi’s followers and the Israeli police. Despite the high profile of this clash at that time, very little was reported about the Rabbi’s worldview and beliefs. This article is intended to fill that gap.

Contributor Notes

motti inbari is an Associate Professor of Religion at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. His research focuses on Jewish fundamentalism, primarily in Israel, but also in the US and in Europe. He is the author of three books: Jewish Fundamentalism and the Temple Mount (2009), Messianic Religious Zionism Confronts Israeli Territorial Compromises (2012), and Jewish Radical Ultra-Orthodoxy Confronts Modernity, Zionism and Women’s Equality (2016).

  • Aderet, Ofer. 2013. “Uzi Meshulam, Who Campaigned to Probe Disappearance of Yemenite Children, Dies at 60.” Ha’aretz, 22 June. http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.531347.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Baer, Yitzhak. 1940. “The Historical Background of the Ra’aya Mehemena.” [In Hebrew.] Tzion 5 (1): 144.

  • Idel, Moshe. 1998. Messianic Mystics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

  • Inbari, Motti. 2016. Jewish Radical Ultra-Orthodoxy Confronts Modernity, Zionism and Women’s Equality. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Kaplan, Zvi Jonathan. 2004. “Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, Zionism, and Hungarian Ultra-Orthodoxy.” Modern Judaism 24 (2): 165178.

  • Lamm, Norman. 1971. “The Ideology of the Neturei Karta: According to the Satmarer Version.” Tradition: A Journal of Orthodox Jewish Thought 12 (2): 3853.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liebes, Yehuda. 1995. The Secret of the Sabbatean Belief. [In Hebrew.] Jerusalem: Mossad Bialik.

  • Meshulam, Uzi. 1992a. “The Ethics of the Mixed Multitude.” [In Hebrew.] Self-published audiocassette, no. 936.

  • Meshulam, Uzi. 1992b. “The Ethics of the Mixed Multitude.” [In Hebrew.] Self-published audiocassette, no. 937.

  • Meshulam, Uzi. 1992c. “The Ethics of the Mixed Multitude.” [In Hebrew.] Self-published audiocassette, no. 938.

  • Molchadsky, Nadav. 2017. “Absent Children in a Captured Society: Israeli Discourse around the ‘Missing Children Affair.’” Forthcoming.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nadler, Allan L. 1982. “Piety and Politics: The Case of the Satmar Rebbe.” Judaism 31 (2): 135152.

  • Ravitzky, Aviezer. 1996. Messianism, Zionism, and Jewish Religious Radicalism. Trans. Michael Swirsky and Jonathan Chipman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Robbins, Thomas, and Dick Anthony. 1995. “Sects and Violence: Factors Enhancing the Volatility of Marginal Religious Movements.” In Wright 1995, 236259.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rubin, Tali, and Moshe Barekat. 1996. The Meshulam Group: A Police Report. [In Hebrew.] Report prepared by the Intelligence Division of the police under Deputy Commissioner Hezi Leder.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Scholem, Gershom. 1975. Devarim bego [On several things]. Tel Aviv: Am Oved.

  • Shapira, Zvi E. 1848. Gardens of the Spring. [In Hebrew.] Zolkeiw: S. Meyerhoffer.

  • Smith, Jonathan Z. 1982. Imagining Religion: From Babylon to Jonestown. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • Sorotzkin, David. 2004. “Building the Earthly and Destroying the Heavenly: The Satmar Rebbe and Radical Orthodox School of Thought.” [In Hebrew.] In The Land of Israel in 20th Century Jewish Thought, ed. Aviezer Ravitzky, 133167. Jerusalem: Yitzhak Ben-Zvi Institute.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sorotzkin, David. 2007. “The Supratemporal Community in an Era of Changes: Sketches on the Development of the Perception of Time and Collective as a Basis for the Definition of the Development of Jewish Orthodoxy in Modern Times.” [In Hebrew.] PhD diss., Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tabor, James D., and Eugene V. Gallagher. 1995. Why Waco? Cults and the Battle for Religious Freedom in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Talmon, Yonina. 1966. “Millenarian Movements.” Archives europeennes de sociology 7 (2): 156200.

  • Tishbi, Yeshayahu. 1949. The Teaching of the Zohar. [In Hebrew.] Vol. 2. Jerusalem: Mossad Bialik.

  • Wessinger, Catherine. 2000. How the Millennium Comes Violently: From Jonestown to Heaven’s Gate. New York: Seven Bridges Press.

  • Wessinger, Catherine. 2005. “New Religious Movements: Millennialism.” In Encyclopedia of Religion, 2nd ed., vol. 6, ed. Lindsay Jones, Mircea Eliade, and Charles J. Adams, 65446550. Detroit: Macmillan Reference.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Worsley, Peter. 1968. The Trumpet Shall Sound: A Study of “Cargo” Cults in Melanesia. 2nd ed. New York: Schocken Books.

  • Wright, Stuart A., ed. 1995. Armageddon in Waco: Critical Perspectives on the Branch Davidian Conflict. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yuval, Yisrael Y. 1993. “The Revenge and the Curse, the Blood and the Label.” [In Hebrew.] Zion 58 (1): 3390.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 50 49 28
Full Text Views 4 4 0
PDF Downloads 7 7 0