This article demonstrates how the process that eventually
led to the founding of the Likud party in the fall of 1973, alongside the
goal of creating an effective alternative to the Labor movement, was actually
a failed attempt to diminish the influence of Begin and Herut within
the Likud. Herut’s new and old partners wished to effect—through the
creation of the Likud—a change in the identity and character of the
alternative party. Contrary to expectations, Herut revealed itself to be
an open and dynamic movement for an ever-growing sector of the public.
The Herut movement became the key axis of the Likud, in light of
demographic, cultural, social, and economic processes, which fashioned
within Likud an alloy that symbolized the rise of a new Israeli identity.
The article examines the internal processes within Herut that