While scholars study residential segregation dynamics in
order to understand minorities’ assimilation into mainstream society,
less is known about these mechanisms in ethno-national migration contexts.
This article examines Israel’s demographic dynamics from 1961 to
2008 in order to evaluate and provide a framework for the process of spatial
assimilation of Mizrahim and Ashkenazim in the context of segregation
from the Palestinian citizens of Israel. By using the Theil index (H),
I assess the level of segregation in different geographic layers and then
explore how internal migration has reduced spatial distance within the
Jewish society. The analysis demonstrates that despite the disadvantaged
position of Mizrahim as of 1961, levels of residential segregation had
decreased by 1983. Also, boundaries changed from a variance between
Mizrahim and Ashkenazim into a variance among Mizrahim only, with
those who relocated as the most spatially assimilated group and those
who remained as the most segregated one.