Sephardi Leadership in Israel

Transitioning from Mandate to Statehood

in Israel Studies Review
Author: Moshe Naor 1
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Haifa, Israel mnaor@univ.haifa.ac.il
Restricted access

Abstract

This article seeks to examine the impact of the transition from Yishuv to state on the Sephardi and Mizrahi leadership, as reflected in the patterns of organization and action of the Sephardi community councils in general, and the Councils of the Sephardi Community in Tel Aviv and Haifa in particular. Against the background of the growing centralized power of the state under the leadership of Mapai and the application of the principle of statism (mamlachtiut), the article will discuss the activities of the Councils of the Sephardi Community in Haifa and Tel Aviv. The article analyzes the process that led in 1951 to the dissolution of the Sephardi and Oriental Communities Union as a political framework, as well as the decision made in the same year by the community councils in Haifa and Tel Aviv to withdraw from political activity.

Contributor Notes

MOSHE NAOR is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Israel Studies at the University of Haifa. His main research interests focus on the history of the Jewish community in Palestine and the State of Israel, the history of Oriental and Sephardi Jewish communities, Arab-Jewish relations, and war and society. His most recent book, co-written with Abigail Jacobson, is Oriental Neighbors: Middle Eastern Jews and Arabs in Mandatory Palestine (2016). E-mail: mnaor@univ.haifa.ac.il

  • Abbas, Avraham. 1948. “Toward the Growth of the Histadrut among the Oriental Communities.” [In Hebrew.] Al HaMishmar, 31 December.

  • Azai, Pinchas (aka Pinchas Lander). 1948. “Reviving the Community.” [In Hebrew.] Bama'aracha 15 (October): 9.

  • Bareli, Avi. 1999. “Statism and the Labor Movement in the Early Fifties.” [In Hebrew.] In The Challenge of Independence: Ideological and Cultural Aspects of Israel's First Decade, ed. Mordechai Bar-On, 2344. Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ben-Zvi, Yitzhak. 1948. “Representation of the Sephardim in the Israeli Government.” [In Hebrew.] Bama'aracha 7 (May): 7.

  • Bezalel, Itzhak. 2007. You Were Born Zionists: The Sephardim in Eretz Israel in Zionism and the Hebrew Revival during the Ottoman Period. [In Hebrew.] Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Carlebach, Azriel, ed. 1946. The Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine. Vol. 2. [In Hebrew.] Tel Aviv: Z. Leyneman.

  • Chetrit Shalom, Sami. 2004. The Mizrahi Struggle in Israel between Oppression and Liberation, Identification and Alternative, 1948–2003. [In Hebrew.] Tel Aviv: Am Oved.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cohen, Hillel. 2015. “The Life and Death of the Arab Jew: Eretz Israel-Palestine and Beyond.” [In Hebrew.] In Iyunim Bitkumat Israel. Vol. 9: Homelands in Exile, ed. Ofer Shiff, 71100. Sede Boqer: Ben-Gurion University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Eliachar, Eliyahu. 1997. Life Is with the Palestinians. [In Hebrew.] Jerusalem: Misgav Yerushalayim.

  • Evri, Yuval. 2013. “The Multiple Faces of the ‘Sephardiut’ at the Turn of the Twentieth Century.” [In Hebrew.] PhD diss., Tel Aviv University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Haim, Abraham. 2000. Particularity and Integration: The Sephardi Leadership in Jerusalem under the British Mandate Rule (1917–1948). [In Hebrew.] Jerusalem: Carmel.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Herzog, Hanna. 1986. Political Ethnicity—the Image and the Reality: Socio-historical Analysis of the Ethnic Lists to the Delegates Assembly and the Knesset (1920–1984). [In Hebrew.] Tel Aviv: Ha-kibbutz Ha-me'ukhad Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horowitz, Dan, and Moshe Lissak. 1977. The Origins of the Israeli Polity: The Political System of the Jewish Community in Palestine under the Mandate. [In Hebrew.] Tel Aviv: Am Oved.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacobson, Abigail, and Moshe Naor. 2016. Oriental Neighbors: Middle Eastern Jews and Arabs in Mandatory Palestine. Waltham, MA: Brandeis University Press.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kedar, Nir. 2009. Mamlakhtiyut: David Ben-Gurion's Civic Thought. [In Hebrew.] Jerusalem: Yad Ben Zvi and Ben-Gurion University Press.

  • Klein, Menachem. 2014. Lives in Common: Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem, Jaffa and Hebron. London: C. Hurst.

  • Kidron, Anat. 2012. Between Nationalism and Locality: The Jewish Community in Haifa during the British Mandate. [In Hebrew.] Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Korn, Alina. 2008. “Good Intentions: The Short History of the Minority Affairs Ministry, 14 May 1948–1 July 1949.” [In Hebrew.] Cathedra 127: 114115.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Levy, Isaac. 1998. “The Political Activities and Organization of the Sephardic Community in the Yishuv and the State of Israel, 1945–1955.” [In Hebrew.] PhD diss., Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meir Glitzenstein, Esther. 2004. “Conflicting Commitments: The Mizrahi Leadership in Mapai during the Early Years of the State.” [In Hebrew.] Israel 5: 6397.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morag-Talmon, Pnina. 2000. “The Sephardi Community during the Yishuv Period—Ethnicity and Nationhood.” [In Hebrew.] In The Sephardic Jews in Eretz Israel in Changing Times, ed. Ruth Toeg, 181189. Jerusalem: Dinur Center.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Naor, Moshe. 2013. Social Mobilization in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948: On the Israeli Home Front. Trans. Shaul Vardi. London: Routledge.

  • Rekhess, Elie. 1991. “Initial Israeli Policy Guidelines towards the Arab Minority, 1948–1949.” In New Perspectives on Israeli History: The Early Years of the State, ed. Laurence J. Silberstein, 103123. New York: New York University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sasson, Eliahu. 1967. “Israel's First Minister of Police: In Memory of Bechor Shalom Sheetrit.” [In Hebrew.] Bama'aracha 10 (February): 5.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Turgeman, Aryeh. 1948a. “Contemporary Affairs.” [In Hebrew.] Bama'aracha 15 (October): 3.

  • Turgeman, Aryeh. 1948b. “Our Representative in the Government.” [In Hebrew.] Bama'aracha 7 (May): 2.

  • Robinson, Shira. 2013. Citizen Strangers: Palestinians and the Birth of Israel's Liberal Settler State. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

  • Weitz, Yechiam. 2010. “1948 as a Turning Point in the Israeli Political Arena.” [In Hebrew.] In Citizens at War: Studies on the Civilian Society during the Israeli War of Independence, vol. 2, ed. Mordechai Bar-On and Meir Chazan, 529548. Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics