Debate over the present-day meaning of the traditional political terms ‘left’ and ‘right’ has been ongoing for at least three decades. Many claim that these labels have lost their former relevance. This article offers a comparative analysis of the Israeli, Polish, and Hungarian party systems. Using qualitative content analysis, it examines party platforms and politicians’ speeches in order to assess the significance of political labels both in political narratives and academic debate. Two main research topics concerning political systems of the three countries are explored in the article: the blurring of the traditional left-right divisions and the partial adoption of an anti-establishment agenda by mainstream parties.
ARTUR SKOREK is an Assistant Professor at the Institute of the Middle and Far East of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (UJ), Executive Secretary of the European Association of Israel Studies, and a political scientist specializing in Israel and international relations. His research includes the Israeli political system, the role of religion in international relations and foreign policy, and security in the Middle East. He is the author of two books on the Israeli political system and many academic papers (selected works: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Artur_Skorek). E-mail: email@example.com
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