The eruption of a new military conflict between Israel and Hamas in the summer of 2014 was at first followed by unequivocal French support for Israel's right to defend itself. However, the rising death toll in Gaza and the spread of a pro-Palestinian protest movement on French soil altered this position radically, making way for an assertive French peace initiative. This article adopts a historical perspective and relies on a comprehensive analysis of French public sources to examine the impact exerted by this distant conflict over French foreign and domestic policies throughout the war and its aftermath. Ultimately, it shows that, although France's determination to take action was in part motivated by foreign policy factors, public opinion played an important, if not equivalent, role in the country's diplomatic activism.
EVE BENHAMOU is a PhD candidate in Contemporary History at the University Sorbonne Nouvelle–Paris 3. She holds an MA in European Studies from the same institution and a BA in Political Science and Middle Eastern Studies from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research deals with French foreign policy toward the Israel-Palestine conflict from 2002 to 2017 (Jacques Chirac's second term and the presidencies of Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande). E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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