In May 2001, for the first time in the history of united Italy and,

therefore, for the first time in the history of the Italian Republic,

alternation in government occurred as a direct consequence of an

electoral victory of the opposition. The incumbent centre left government

(the Ulivo – Olive Tree Coalition, led by Francesco

Rutelli) was defeated, and a centre right coalition (the Casa delle

Libertà, or CDL – House of Freedoms, led by Silvio Berlusconi)

began governing Italy with a large parliamentary majority.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.