Towards a Federal State? Competing Proposals for Constitutional Revision

in Italian Politics
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The debate and accompanying rhetoric concerning federalism

finally gave way in 2001 to the proposal of concrete – albeit competing

and even mutually incompatible – legislation by the centre

left and the centre right political coalitions.1 The centre left government’s

reform, entitled ‘Revision to Title V of Part II of the Constitution’,

which had already been approved by the Chamber of

Deputies on 26 September 2000 and by the Senate on 17 November

2000, was passed a second time by the Chamber on 28 February

2001, and by the Senate on 8 March 2001, as required by the

Constitution. The law, strongly opposed by the centre right parties,

was subject to a referendum on 7 October 2001, on the basis of

Article 138 of the Constitution.