In 2015, Italy’s foreign policy was focused on issues that
were linked to the attempt to boost Italy’s international reputation: the
Libyan question, the migration crisis, and Italy’s role in the European
Union. As for the first two issues, the Renzi government has sought to
“Europeanize” them, with the aim of not being “left alone” in dealing
with their consequences. The third issue concerns Renzi’s effort to
gain fiscal flexibility and “change the course” of the European Union.
However, in Europe the prime minister has found himself isolated and
has struggled to lead coalitions on issues that are very relevant for the
national interest. The assessment of the Renzi government’s action in
foreign policy in 2015, ultimately, can be read in two ways: if it is evaluated
against announcements, expectations, and demands of the prime
minister, the result is disappointing; if it is measured in a more realistic
fashion, the appraisal can be less harsh.