The importance of the 2016 municipal elections in Italy
was a consequence not only of the number and relevance of the cities
involved, including Rome, Milan, Naples, and Turin, but also of
their timing, occurring in the middle of the 2013–2018 electoral cycle.
These elections were thus perceived as a mid-term test for the national government, acquiring a relevance that went beyond their specific
local context. This chapter analyzes the electoral supply, voter turnout,
electoral results, and vote shifts, focusing on a synchronic and
diachronic comparison of the performance of the candidates and the
parties. The evidence presented shows that despite winning the plurality
of municipalities, the Democratic Party clearly paid the cost of
ruling at the national level. The number of its mayors was halved, and
it was defeated in Rome and Turin by the Five Star Movement, the true
winner of these elections.