This article examines perceptions of colonial modernity as experienced by middle-class Bengali children in Calcutta at the turn of the twentieth century. This was the time in which the foundations of modern Calcutta and modern Bengali childhood were laid, and in which urban cultures of education and entertainment gradually replaced precolonial patterns of childhood. This article examines these transformations and assesses their role in the formation of new social norms that were to define middle-class Bengali childhood until the end of the twentieth century.
Gargi Gangopadhyay is an assistant professor in the Department of English at the Ramakrishna Sarada Mission Vivekananda Vidyabhavan in Kolkata. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org