This article explains the approach to mass consumption developed in
social studies textbooks in the early years of the transition to democracy in Spain.
It begins by examining the way in which school textbooks represented consumer
society and mass media in the late 1970s. This is followed by an in-depth explanation
of the reasons that led the authors of these textbooks to choose one theoretical
framework over another. Above all, this article emphasizes the complexity and
variety of the historical materials used to represent consumer society, and how
this process of social construction is reflected in the textbook content of the time.