This article investigates the role of Islam in representations of the self
and the other in the contemporary Albanian national discourse, on the basis of an
analysis of history textbooks published in postcommunist Albania between 1990
and 2013, focusing specifically on texts used in pre-university education. Even after
the dissolution of the Socialist Republic of Albania in 1991, Islam in Albania continued
to be associated with concepts derived from the socialist era, including the
primacy of the nation as well as Eurocentrism and secularism, which were seen as
the pinnacle of modernity.