This article analyzes a series of litigations that began with the Aguinda v.
Texaco Inc. case as a site of production of new legal subjectivities for
indigenous communities in the region of the Ecuadorian Amazon polluted by
oil extraction activities. They engage in the transnational and local legal
structures, contribute to and generate legal and scientific knowledge and
expertise, and articulate multiple legal subjectivities that position them not only
as homogenous plaintiffs in a highly publicized lawsuit, but also as legal actors
in complex relation to each other, and to the state. Through such engagements
with this legal process, indigenous actors are recrafting their collective
representations in ways that challenge the ‘ecoprimitive’ stereotypes of
indigeneity, historically associated with the ‘paradox of primitivism.’
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