As a researcher working within the field of collaborative or ‘engaged’
legal and political anthropology in Latin America, law does very much
shape my research agenda and that of most of my colleagues. I would
also contend that anthropology does impact law throughout the region,
although to a much lesser extent. This is most evident in the legalisation,
judicialisation and juridification of indigenous peoples’ collective
rights to autonomy and territory in recent decades. Yet, the influence of
anthropology on legal adjudication in the region is not only limited to
issues pertaining to indigenous peoples: engaged applied ethnographic
research is playing an increasingly important role in revealing to legal
practitioners and courts the effects of human rights violations in specific
contexts, and victims’ perceptions of the continuums of violence
to which they are subjected.
The following conversation took place during the Critical Heritage Studies conference in Gothenburg, Sweden, on 6 June 2012. The initial idea and topic was suggested by Kylie Message, the session was chaired by Conal McCarthy, and the recording was transcribed by Jennifer Walklate and edited by Conal McCarthy and Jennifer Walklate.
The 2005 Human Development Report recently found Ireland to be the second wealthiest country in the world (UN Development Programme). However, the same report also highlighted that Ireland was one of the countries with the greatest social inequality and with the third highest level of poverty out of the eighteen countries surveyed. The Celtic Tiger period may also be characterised in terms of the widening gap between rich and poor (Nolan, et al. 2000; UNDP 2005). Even ‘social partnership’, Ireland’s corporatist national planning arrangements, including triennial national pay agreements, is criticized for concentrating political power in the hands of small elites and organised interests (Ó Cinnéide 1998; Kirby 2002).
African-American literature of travel has frequently been elided from critical accounts of literary travel narratives and made invisible within the African-American literary canon. Reading both traditions with an eye to including African-American literature of travel is important because it allows for a greater focus on the transnational roots of African-American identity, particularly in terms of African-American literature of travel that focuses on journeys to Europe.