Goldstein, D. M. (2012), Outlawed: Between Security and Rights in a Bolivian
City (Durham: Duke University Press), 344 pp., 9 photographs, 1 map,
ISBN: 978-0-8223-5311-9 (paperback).
Daniel M. Goldstein’s Outlawed: Between Security and Rights in a Bolivian
City (2012) is a thickly described and richly detailed ethnography of
uncertainty in the barrios of Cochabamba, Bolivia. It holds important
insights for legal anthropology, particularly where the sub-discipline
intersects with the anthropology of the state and the anthropology of
human rights. The ethnographic detail is exemplary, with the work here
having serious implications for anthropological theory and opening up
several avenues for further investigation. That it opens new debates more
than it offers cohesive answers – as is, admittedly, possibly fitting for the
‘uncertain anthropology’ that Goldstein advocates – both is the prime
strength of the work and can be offered as a gentle critique. I consider
this to be because of the ambitious breadth of the work to the extent that
directions that were implied were ultimately left somewhat unexplored.
This review article is an attempt to consider the prime contributions of
Outlawed and to tentatively map some of these implied connections.
The following conversation took place during the Critical Heritage Studies conference in Gothenburg, Sweden, on 6 June 2012. The initial idea and topic was suggested by Kylie Message, the session was chaired by Conal McCarthy, and the recording was transcribed by Jennifer Walklate and edited by Conal McCarthy and Jennifer Walklate.
The 2005 Human Development Report recently found Ireland to be the second wealthiest country in the world (UN Development Programme). However, the same report also highlighted that Ireland was one of the countries with the greatest social inequality and with the third highest level of poverty out of the eighteen countries surveyed. The Celtic Tiger period may also be characterised in terms of the widening gap between rich and poor (Nolan, et al. 2000; UNDP 2005). Even ‘social partnership’, Ireland’s corporatist national planning arrangements, including triennial national pay agreements, is criticized for concentrating political power in the hands of small elites and organised interests (Ó Cinnéide 1998; Kirby 2002).
African-American literature of travel has frequently been elided from critical accounts of literary travel narratives and made invisible within the African-American literary canon. Reading both traditions with an eye to including African-American literature of travel is important because it allows for a greater focus on the transnational roots of African-American identity, particularly in terms of African-American literature of travel that focuses on journeys to Europe.