To travel is to Look, to Look is to Relate

Identity and Otherness in the Account of Otto Nordenskjöld (1902)

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  • 1 Dept. of Language, Literature, and Communication, Universidad de La Frontera, Chile eduardo.gallegos@ufrontera.cl
  • 2 Dept. of Language, Literature, and Communication, Universidad de La Frontera, Chile jaime.otazo@ufrontera.cl
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Abstract

Generally, analyzes of Otto Nordenskjöld's trip to the Antarctic (1901-1904) ignore the preparations that required a previous trip to Chilean-Argentine Patagonia (1894-1897). Even more, these analyzes forget the Colonial dimension of this expedition. This paper intends to fill this void considering for the analysis two images present in the Swedish travel story. The concept of iconology is proposed here as a link between the image (icons) and the story (logos). The aim is to analyze the iconology to discuss the meaningful configuration of an identity gaze—the Europeans—and a gaze on the otherness—the indigenous. The results show that in the iconology presented in the story and in the images, appear paradoxical elements that allow questioning the relevance of the identity-alterity dichotomy through the appearance of third spaces.

Contributor Notes

Eduardo Gallegos is professor at the Department of Language, Literature, and Communication, Universidad de La Frontera, Av. Francisco Salazar 01145, Temuco, Chile, +56452325398. His research focuses on travel literature and the social construction of the identity and the otherness. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8560-7367. E-mail: eduardo.gallegos@ufrontera.cl

Jaime Otazo is professor of semiotics and discourse analysis, Department of Language, Literature, and Communication, Universidad de La Frontera, Universidad de La Frontera, Av. Francisco Salazar 01145, Temuco, Chile, +56452325398. Currently his research focuses on the role of the press in the context of socio-cultural movements. E-mail: jaime.otazo@ufrontera.cl

Journeys

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