The Anthropocene diagnosis, in which humanity has become a
disruptive geological force, indicates an irresolvable political paradox. The
political demos is inevitably and necessarily bounded. The Anthropocene,
however, heralds the anthropos—the globalized more-than-human identity.
The anthropos challenges the maintenance of political boundaries, yet any
robust response to ecological predicament must be underpinned by a decisive
demos. This article, informed by theories of political agonism, suggests
that this paradox importantly provokes ongoing political contestation of the
inevitable yet contingent exclusions from politics and the proper place of
political boundaries in the Anthropocene. The article concludes that the
Anthropocene diagnosis provides an opportunity for a lively democratic politics
in which the demos is always prompted to reimagine itself and asks, who
are “we” in the Anthropocene?