What Determines Individual Demand for Ecosystem Services?

Insights from a Social Science Study of Three German Regions

in Nature and Culture
Author: Sophie Peter1
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  • 1 Member, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Institute (S-BiK-F) and PhD Candidate, Goethe University, Germany sophie.peter@senckenberg.de
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Abstract

Human demand for natural resources tends to be unsustainable. However, within ecosystem services (ES) literature, a rather rationalist view of ES demand dominates. This article broadens this perspective by looking at the demand from the angle of sociological risk theory. Theoretically driven interviews were conducted in three German regions and interpreted in light of risk theory. The empirical results indicate that demand can be explained by multiple aspects: (1) living and working environments, nature perception; (2) individual perceptions of environmental risk; and (3) societal socio-cultural influences. These results can be built upon in future ES research to improve our understanding of the social drivers of demand, which may inform the cultural landscape's governance and communication strategies that encourage sustainable ES demand.

Contributor Notes

Sophie Peter is a member of the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Institute (S-BiK-F) and PhD candidate at the department of social sciences of the Goethe University with Dr. Peter Manning (SBiK-F) and Prof. Dr. Blättel-Mink (Department of Social Sciences of Goethe University) as the main supervisors. She focuses in her PhD on the analysis of why, when and how interest groups or individuals are demanding ecosystem services. The study is part of an interdisciplinary project with field studies within the three German regions of the DFG-funded Biodiversity Exploratories project. The work will be combined with natural science models from which the outcome will be the identification of land management strategies that deliver high and equitable ecosystem services provision. Email: sophie.peter@senckenberg.de

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