This article shows in what ways Matthew Ratcliffe’s phenomenological theory of existential feelings is relevant to film and media studies. Existential feelings are “feelings in the body, which are experienced as one‘s relationship with the world as a whole.” They are related to other concepts in film theory; however, their relation to films has never been systematically examined. The article discusses how audiovisual media are able to represent, express, and evoke existential feelings, and even work as “qualia machines” in making viewers partially share feelings of characters. Focusing on the paradigmatic case of depression and on exemplary films like Dominik Graf’s Deine besten Jahre, the article identifies different aesthetic strategies to express existential feelings. Building on that, the article argues that the power of films to evoke related feelings in the viewers is a crucial factor in spreading ideas about how others feel and conveying collective structures of feeling.
Jens Eder teaches media and communication studies at the University of Mannheim, Germany. He has written books and papers (some in English) on audiovisual narrative, characters, emotions, politics, digital media, transmediality, and representations of human nature in the media. The coedited volume Image Operations: Visual Media and Political Conflict (with Charlotte Klonk) is forthcoming from Manchester University Press. He is currently completing a monograph on affects in audiovisual media.
Coplan, Amy, and DerekMatravers. 2011. “Film, Literature, and Non-Cognitive Affect.” Pp. 117–134 in New Takes in Film-Philosophy, ed. HaviCarel and GregTuck. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.10.1057/9780230294851_8)| false
Fingerhut, Jörg, and SabineMarienberg. 2012. “How It Feels to Be Alive: Moods, Background Orientations, and Existential Feelings.” Pp. 1–11 in Feelings of Being Alive, ed. JörgFingerhut and SabineMarienberg. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Fingerhut, Jörg, and SabineMarienberg. 2012. “How It Feels to Be Alive: Moods, Background Orientations, and Existential Feelings.” Pp. 1–11 in Feelings of Being Alive, ed. JörgFingerhut and SabineMarienberg. Berlin: de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110246599)| false
Hogan, Patrick Colm. 2007. “Sensorimotor Projection, Violations of Continuity, and Emotion in the Experience of Film.” Projections: The Journal for Movies and Mind 1(1): 41–58.10.3167/proj.2007.010104)| false
Stadler, Jane. 2002. “Intersubjective, Embodied, Evaluative Perception: A Phenomenological Approach to the Ethics of Film.” Quarterly Review of Film and Video 19(3): 237–248.10.1080/10509200214843)| false
Stephan, Achim. 2012. “Existentielle Gefühle und Emotionen: Intentionalität und Regulierbarkeit.” Pp. 101–122 in Feelings of Being Alive, ed. JörgFingerhut and SabineMarienberg. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Stephan, Achim. 2012. “Existentielle Gefühle und Emotionen: Intentionalität und Regulierbarkeit.” Pp. 101–122 in Feelings of Being Alive, ed. JörgFingerhut and SabineMarienberg. Berlin: de Gruyter.)| false
Stern, Daniel N.2010. Forms of Vitality: Exploring Dynamic Experience in Psychology, the Arts, Psychotherapy, and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/med:psych/9780199586066.001.0001)| false
This article provides an account of service-user involvement in applied health research in the U.K., where such involvement is understood as research 'with' or 'by' service users. I reflect on some of the driving forces behind service-user involvement in health research and discuss the ways in which this kind of involvement has become systematised in a research context that values comparison and evaluation. I argue that the potential to conflate participatory research with service-user involvement may lead to participatory approaches – so often practiced by anthropologists – becoming described as forms of service-user involvement. Despite the systematisation of service-user involvement to meet the requirements of applied health research, service-user involvement is not viewed as providing research evidence. If participatory approaches become redefined as user involvement then there is a risk that evidence produced by disciplines such as anthropology are no longer viewed as 'evidence', and become unable to influence decisions about healthcare practice and policy. Sensitising anthropologists to this possibility may be a first step in identifying ways to ensure that results from participatory research retain a position as evidence.
Within the framework of the new environmental history, this article
focuses on the interaction between historical human societies and a given
natural environment. Specifically, we study the spatial relationships between
wetlands, Roman roads, and contemporary livestock trails, with the aim of
verifying the role of wetlands as a support of territory planning since antiquity
to the present. The documentation used includes geographical and ecological
manuscripts together with ancient sources (texts, archaeology). Our
results demonstrate an overlapping that remarks the importance of wetlands
in the study area’s territorial ordering during various historical moments. This
result also opens the possibility of applying this reality to others parts of the
Mediterranean region with the same climatological conditions and a similar
history. The clear heritage value of the wetlands are compelling enough to
take the necessary protection measures for their conservation in the face of
the growing threat of their deterioration and disappearance.
This article explores how geography textbooks and missionary stories were used to persuade Dutch primary schoolchildren of the moral righteousness of the Ethical Policy for the Dutch East Indies between 1890 and 1910. Educative discourses targeting Dutch children were instrumentalized in order to recruit the next generation of missionaries, colonial administrators, and overseas entrepreneurs. To achieve this aim, they dwelt at length on the opportunities for and constraints on uplifting indigenous children in the Indies. These narratives all convey the message that Indies children, though certainly capable of improvement, would never attain the same level of civilization and moral integrity as their Dutch counterparts.
In previous work I developed an account of truces focused on 'truce thinking' – the moral and psychological commitments made by those who seek to manage and reduce conflict rather than permanently end it. In this article I further develop that theory by placing truce thinking in conceptual context and by exploring a case study. Part 1 rehearses the main features of truce thinking. Part 2 situates it against the related concepts of political reconciliation and containment. Part 3 takes up Spain's transition to democracy as an example of how truce thinking works in practice.
Green Belts are often proposed as an alternative for containing urban sprawl, restoring ecological processes, recovering connectivity, and maintaining the multi-functionality that cities need. This article analyzes a proposed Green Belt for Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. It is spatially examined through GIS analysis and designed on the notion of Garden City as a strip to circumvent the city. Existing conditions are also discussed. Two existing conservation initiatives are compared to the proposed Green Belt strategy. Its establishment requires agreements between Xalapa and surrounding municipalities. The proposed strategy brings local government and citizens together to preserve the remaining vegetation and thus promote the well-being of local inhabitants.
Los cinturones verdes frecuentemente se han propuesto como una alternativa para contener la expansión urbana desordenada, restaurar los procesos ecológicos y recuperar la conectividad, y mantener la multifuncionalidad que las ciudades necesitan. Este artículo analiza un esquema de Cinturón Verde para Xalapa, Veracruz, México. Es espacialmente examinado, diseñado bajo el concepto de Ciudad Jardín, como una franja que rodea a la ciudad, el análisis se elaboró con un SIG. Las condiciones existentes también se discuten. Se comparan dos iniciativas de
conservación existentes con la estrategia propuesta de Cinturón Verde. Su establecimiento requiere acuerdos entre Xalapa y los municipios aledaños. La estrategia propuesta requiere reunir a los gobiernos locales y ciudadanos para preservar la vegetación remanente y así promover el bienestar de los habitantes locales.
Les ceintures vertes sont fréquemment proposées comme une alternative pour limiter l’expansion urbaine désordonnée, restaurer les processus écologiques, récupérer la connectivité et maintenir la multifonctionnalité que les villes requièrent. Cet article analyse une proposition de ceinture verte pour Xalapa dans l’état du Veracruz au Mexique. Celle-ci est examinée et élaborée en particulier à partir du concept de cité-jardin, formée par une trame qui entoure la ville et son analyse a été élaborée par un Système d’information géographique (SIG). Les conditions existantes sont également discutées. Deux initiatives de conservation qui suivent la stratégie de la ceinture verte sont comparées. Leur mise en oeuvre implique des accords entre Xalapa et les municipes des alentours. La stratégie proposée impose la réunion des gouvernements locaux et des citoyens pour préserver la végétation restante et faciliter la promotion du bien-être des habitants.